Bear, like the Turk, no rival near the throne.

—Alexander Pope

Hemingway and Malraux, the outstanding modern examples of the artist in action, had hostile and combative relations. Each respected the other’s great novels, but loathed many of his rival’s personal characteristics and saw through his painfully constructed façade of lies. Malraux criticized Hemingway’s machismo, boastfulness, and apparent simple-mindedness. Hemingway condemned Malraux’s dandyism, pomposity, and tedious philosophical monologues. Malraux was fascinated by h ...