Detail of the Mainz Psalter. Photo: Heritage Imaging

In Alex Gibney’s 2015 documentary Steve Jobs: The Man in the Machine, a number of technology whizzes—Jobs included—make solemn pronouncements about how they expect Apple products to change the world. The validity of these remarks is arguable: much as I like my iPhone and would not want to go without it, I would not claim that it has changed my life so much as it has simplified tasks that I previously handled in different, less efficient ways. The comments in the movie stand as instances of the technological fallacy: the idea that technologies inevitably alter the development of the societies that...

 
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